In Python, relational operators are used to compare two values or expressions and establish their relationship. Based on whether the comparison is true or false, these operators yield a Boolean result (True or False). The following are the most frequent relational operators in Python:

Equal (==): This operator determines whether two values are equal. It returns True if the values are the same; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

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x = 5

y = 5

result = x == y # result is True

Not Equal (!=): This operator checks if two values are not equal. If the values are different, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

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x = 5

y = 10

result = x < y # result is True Greater Than or Equal To (>=): This operator checks if the left operand is greater than or equal to the right operand. If the left operand is greater or equal, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 10

y = 10

result = x >= y # result is True

Less Than or Equal To (<=): This operator checks if the left operand is less than or equal to the right operand. If the left operand is less or equal, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 5

y = 10

result = x <= y # result is True

These relational operators are commonly used in conditional statements and loops to make decisions based on the relationships between values. They are essential for controlling the flow of a Python program and for comparing variables and data.**Example:**

**python**

Copy code

x = 5

y = 5

result = x == y # result is True

Not Equal (!=): This operator checks if two values are not equal. If the values are different, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 5

y = 10

result = x != y # result is True

Greater Than (>): This operator checks if the left operand is greater than the right operand. If the left operand is greater, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 10

y = 5

result = x > y # result is True

Less Than (<): This operator checks if the left operand is less than the right operand. If the left operand is less, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 5

y = 10

result = x < y # result is True Greater Than or Equal To (>=): This operator checks if the left operand is greater than or equal to the right operand. If the left operand is greater or equal, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 10

y = 10

result = x >= y # result is True

Less Than or Equal To (<=): This operator checks if the left operand is less than or equal to the right operand. If the left operand is less or equal, it returns True; otherwise, it returns False.

**Example:**

python

Copy code

x = 5

y = 10

result = x <= y # result is True

These relational operators are commonly used in conditional statements and loops to make decisions based on the relationships between values. They are essential for controlling the flow of a Python program and for comparing variables and data.